Abstract Art: The visual representation of something from real-life that does not look real, but rather is unnaturally composed of shapes, forms, colors, and textures.
Abstract Expressionism: An artistic movement of the mid-20th century in which artists portrayed thoughts and emotions in response to real life rather than portraying the real-life objects they see.
Acrylic Paint: A thick paint made by mixing pigment with a binding agent called acrylic resin.
Binding Agent: A wet substance in paint that helps the dry colored pigment stick together.
Canvas: a firm closely woven cloth usually made from linen, hemp, or cotton that is stretched over a wooden frame.
Collage: An artistic composition made of various materials (such as paper, cloth, or wood) glued on a surface.
Color: How the light reflected from an object looks in terms of hue, lightness, and saturation.
Composition: The arrangement of figures or materials in a work of art.
Creativity: The ability to consider ideas from a unique perspective or create something meaningful in new or imaginative ways.
Crosshatching: A method of shading done by repeatedly drawing two series of intersecting perpendicular lines.
Fine Art: Visual art (such as painting or sculpture) made for the sake of beauty.
Form: The shape and structure of something, as opposed to what it is made from.
Functional Art: Works of art that have a useful purpose in addition to being beautiful.
Gouache: A type of 'opaque' watercolor made with a higher concentration of pigment and additional material such as chalk.
Hue: Describes whether an object is one solid color or somewhere between two colors.
Impasto: The technique of applying paints in a thick paste-like manner.
Impressionism: An artistic movement of the 19th Century in which the works of art gave a visual impression of real life — focusing on light and color — rather than creating an accurate depiction of an object.
Inspiration: The enthusiastic feeling experienced when discovering new and creative ideas.
Lightness: How much light is reflected in a color.
Line: A one-dimensional continuous mark made by moving a dot or point across a surface.
Masterpiece: A work of art done with extraordinary skill..
Medium: The material or technical means used to create a piece of art.
Oil Paint: A type of paint made by mixing pigment with a binding agent called drying oil.
Palette: A thin tablet that a painter holds and mixes pigments on.
Panel Painting: A painting executed on a rigid support — ordinarily wood or metal — created as one piece or multi-piece artwork.
Pastels: Condensed paste made of powdered pigment that can be used on its own or to make crayons.
Pigment: A coloring matter, originally found in animals and plants, that is converted to a powdered substance and may be mixed with a liquid binding agent to form paint.
Plaquette: A decorative panel, of natural materials, created as a form of artistic expression.
Pointillism: A technique using tiny dots — or points — of pure colors with the intention of encouraging the viewer's eye to blend those colors together.
Pop Art: An artistic movement of the 1950s-1960s in which popular culture and commonplace objects are used as subject matter.
Post-Modernism: An artistic movement of the late-20th-century that questions what 'art' is or should be by returning to traditional materials in new ways.
Shape: The two-dimensional area inside an enclosed line or in contrast to its surroundings.
Space: The area between the other elements of art within a piece of artwork.
Study: A literary or artistic piece intended to be an outline, experiment, exploration, or analysis of specific features or characteristics.
Surrealism: An artistic movement of the 1920s-1930s in which artists painted illogical scenes realistically, creating strange scenes from everyday objects, expressing their unconscious.
Tempera Paint: A type of paint made by mixing pigment with eggs as a binding agent.
Texture: The way that the surface of an object looks or feels.
Watercolor Paint: A type of paint made by mixing pigment with a binding agent such as glue, casein, or gum arabic, which is then diluted with water.